So, you’re trying to learn more about medical cannabis. Let’s explore the components of the plant as you begin your informational journey:
There are over 100 chemicals found in the cannabis plant. Two major, more well known components of the plant are CBD and THC. However, there are other terms you may encounter when learning about cannabis. Here are some of those terms:
- Cannabis sativa: This is the scientific name of the cannabis and hemp plant. Some plants in this category are used in the production of medical cannabis; others are called industrial hemp because they don’t contain enough THC to be considered cannabis. Currently there are no regulated hemp CBD products available in Canada.
- Cannabinoids: This term refers to a class of chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in the body. They include CBD, CBDA, THC, THCA and other active components of the cannabis plant.
- CBD: This is the abbreviation for cannabidiol and is not classified as intoxicating. CBD is known to help manage seizures, anxiety and inflammation.
- CBDA: This is the abbreviation for cannabidiolic-acid, the raw form of CBD. When heat is applied to CBDA it is converted into CBD through a process called decarboxylation. More research is needed on CBDA but the few studies that have been done show promise in treating inflammation and nausea, as well as having anti-cancer properties.